Travel guide and directory

Madagascar
English Français Deutsch Nederlands Italiano Español

Madagascar > Weather and climate

Weather and climate 

Madagascar is home to a number of microclimates. However, there are 5 major climatic zones, which follow the physical geography of the island by differentiating :

- the mild Highlands,  

- the hot and dry western regions,  

- the rainy eastern coastal regions under the influence of trade winds,  

- the hot and wet North,  

- and the semiarid South. 

 

Rainfalls decrease progressively from the North-East to the South-West with several variants between these two extremes.  

 

The dry and mild season or the southern winter is from April to October, and summer (the hot and wet season) is from November to March. In summer, the flora blooms and the fauna is at its most active. 

 

While, at sea level, temperatures range from 27° and 32° in summer and 22° in winter, on the Highlands, they may go down to 4°C or even less in winter nights. 

 

The East of Madagascar suffers from cyclones in February and March. 


Temperatures  

Towns

Southern Winter (average)

Southern Summer (average)

Antsiranana 

25°C / 77 F 

27°C / 81 F 

Toamasina  

22°C / 72 F 

25°C / 77 F 

Nosy Be 

26°C /79 F 

32°C / 90 F  

Mahajanga

26°C / 79 F 

30°C / 86 F 

Antananarivo 

18°C / 64 F 

25°C / 77 F 

Tolagnaro (Fort-Dauphin) 

21°C / 70 F 

25°C / 77 F 

Toliary (Tuléar) 

23°C / 73 F 

28°C / 82 F 


The best time
to visit
Madagascar is from May to December, when you can take advantage of the lower temperatures and sunniest weather. 

 

For further details about the seasons and the current weather conditions in Madagascar, see detailled figures below and visit the following links.


 

Climate in Tananarivo 

 

Month 

Mean Temperature  °C 

Mean Total Rainfall (mm)  

Mean Number of Rain Days  

Daily
Minimum 

Daily
Maximum 

Jan 

16.6 

27.7 

270.4 

18 

Feb 

16.9 

25.9 

256.9 

17 

Mar 

16.3 

25.4 

183.1 

17 

Apr 

15.2 

24.8 

50.5 

9 

May 

12.9 

22.9 

20.1 

6 

Jun 

10.8 

20.9 

7.2 

6 

Jul 

10.3 

20.2 

11.1 

8 

Aug 

10.3 

20.6 

15.0 

9 

Sep 

11.3 

23.0 

9.5 

4 

Oct 

13.4 

25.2 

66.6 

8 

Nov 

15.1 

26.0 

170.8 

14 

Dec 

16.3 

25.8 

304.1 

20 

 

Climate in Toamasina (Eastern coast) 

 

Jan 

22.5 

30.1 

410.1 

23 

Feb 

22.7 

30.3 

382.1 

20 

Mar 

22.4 

29.5 

478.4 

24 

Apr 

21.4 

28.8 

322.8 

21 

May 

19.5 

27.3 

228.3 

22 

Jun 

17.8 

25.6 

259 

21 

Jul 

17.1 

24.8 

288.6 

25 

Aug 

17 

24.9 

218.2 

24 

Sep 

17.3 

25.8 

121.1 

19 

Oct 

18.7 

26.9 

132.6 

18 

Nov 

20.4 

28.4 

169.7 

17 

Dec 

21.9 

29.4 

357.3 

21 

 

Climate in Antsiranana (Northern Madagascar) 

 

Jan 

22.8 

30.2 

337.5 

20 

Feb 

22.7 

30.2 

305.8 

18 

Mar 

22.9 

30.6 

179.4 

17 

Apr 

22.6 

31 

52.3 

9 

May 

21.6 

30.4 

13.4 

7 

Jun 

20.2 

29.3 

19.1 

6 

Jul 

19.6 

28.7 

19 

7 

Aug 

19.4 

28.7 

18.7 

8 

Sep 

20 

29.5 

8.8 

6 

Oct 

21.2 

30.5 

17.4 

7 

Nov 

22.5 

31.5 

54.6 

9 

Dec 

22.9 

31.4 

170.8 

16 

 

Climate in Mahajanga (Western coast) 

 

Month 

Mean Temperature  °C 

Mean Total Rainfall (mm)  

Mean Number of Rain Days  

Daily
Minimum 

Daily
Maximum 

Jan 

23.6 

31.1 

401.7 

20 

Feb 

23.8 

30.8 

385.9 

18 

Mar 

23.6 

32.0 

196.3 

14 

Apr 

22.9 

32.5 

69.7 

6 

May 

20.6 

32.0 

8.6 

2 

Jun 

18.6 

31.0 

0.7 

1 

Jul 

18.0 

30.8 

1.8 

1 

Aug 

18.4 

31.4 

2.9 

1 

Sep 

19.6 

32.1 

2.3 

1 

Oct 

22.0 

32.5 

19.9 

3 

Nov 

23.5 

32.2 

118.0 

9 

Dec 

23.7 

31.3 

278.2 

16 

 

Climate in Toliara (Southwestern coast) 

 

Jan 

22.9 

32.2 

94.8 

8 

Feb 

22.9 

32.3 

88.7 

9 

Mar 

21.9 

32 

35.9 

5 

Apr 

19.9 

30.6 

17.7 

3 

May 

16.9 

28.6 

15.8 

3 

Jun 

14.8 

26.9 

14.9 

3 

Jul 

14.4 

26.8 

6.2 

2 

Aug 

14.8 

27.7 

5.6 

1 

Sep 

16.2 

28.5 

7.8 

2 

Oct 

18.5 

29.3 

11.9 

2 

Nov 

20.3 

30.3 

21.7 

3 

Dec 

22.1 

31.3 

97 

7 

Direction of Meteorology and Hydrology, Madagascar


Links

world meteorological organization : weather and climate of madagascar, by region
thirdworldtraveler : the climate of madagascar
africaguide : climate of madagascar

See also

Madagascar > Weather and climate > Weather forecast: international sources

Links in other languages

                    
(3)(6)(1)(2)(2)

Same category in a different destination

Advertise with usAdd a link - Correcting a link - Disclaimer -  Contact us
Add to favourites -  Link to us - Travel directory

Copyright © 2017 WillGoTo. Tous droits réservés.

Madagascar Weather, Madagascar weather forecasts and Madagascar climate, Madagascar travel directory and travel guide