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End of September / beginning of October 2016: Africa - Ivory trade.

The conference on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which opened in Johannesburg on 24 September 2016, rejected the applications of Namibia and Zimbabwe aiming to allow them to sell their ivory stocks. The request of Swaziland to sell rhino horns was also rejected. On the other hand, the protection of several species, including sharks and manta rays which have been added to the Appendix II of CITES, has been strengthened.

With a loss of 110,000 units, the amount of elephants in Africa has declined by a third over the past decade. The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Gabon are the countries which are the most affected by poaching. Every day, three rhinos are killed for their horns.

The treaty of the CITES, signed by 182 countries and the European Union, entered into force in 1975. It protects, to varying degrees, 5,600 animal species and 30,000 plants.The Appendix I of CITES lists endangered species whose trade is banned, the Appendix II the species whose trade is regulated, and the Appendix III the species which are protected by a country that has requested assistance from the other members. 

Every three years, the delegates of the Member States meet to discuss the trade restrictions in this matter. The next conference of CITES will take place in 2019 in Sri Lanka. 
 


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