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China > Culture and festivals > History (introduction)


China History 

 

Content 

 

1. Overview: Quick reference guide 

 

2. Prehistory 

 

3. The Dynastic Age 

    Part 1 (2100BC - 960 AD): 

    The Three Dynasties, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Three Kingdoms, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty 

 

    Part 2 (960 - 1911):

    Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty 

 

4. The Revolutionary Years (1911 - 1976): Dr. Sun Yatsen, Yuan Shikai, Chiang Kaishek, Mao Zedong
 


5. The Reform Era (1976 - present): Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao




 

Prehistory 

Chinese legend has it that the world was created by Panku and that the parasites living on his body became humans. Myth and legend aside, homo erectus in China has a history dating back 600,000 years before Christ, first emerging in the great river valleys. 

 

In the 1920s the discovery of skull remains, 30 miles from Beijing, reinforced the theory of evolution and showed that so-called Peking Man knew how to use fire and basic stone tools.  

 

Homo sapiens emerged between 500,000 and 200,000 BC and gradually developed into modern man. 

Humans began to speak during the Paleolithic Age, which lasted from 100,000-10,000 BC, but it wasn’t until 5000 BC that anything resembling a culture began to develop. 

 

Yangshao Culture (5000-3000 BC) 

Centered in what are now Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, Yangshao culture was probably a matriarchal society, although the official party line interprets it as a Communist community ! People farmed, fished and kept domestic animals and when they died they were buried with funerary objects, including ceramic bowls and jade ornaments.


Links

China history : the dynastic age, part 1 (2100BC - 960 AD) - The Three Dynasties, Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty, Three Kingdoms, Sui Dynasty, and Tang Dynasty
China history : the dynastic age, part 2 (960 -1911) - Song Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, and Qing Dynasty
China history : the revolutionary years (1911 - 1976) - Dr. Sun Yatsen, Yuan Shikai, Chiang Kaishek, and Mao Zedong
China history : the reform era (1976 - present) - Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao
ancient china
dunhuang caves in china

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China History, overview, reference guide, China prehistory, China travel guide and travel directory