Pictures: Giraffes and Elephants in Tanzania.
Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) in Tanzania.
The giraffe is the tallest animal in the world. The giraffe stands up to 6 meters (20 ft) tall with an average weight of 1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb) for males and 830 kilograms (1,800 lb) for females. The giraffes' height makes it easy for them to spot predators from a distance. Other animals, such as zebras, antelope, and wildebeests, are believed to congregate near giraffes to take advantage of their ability to see danger from a distance.
The natural predators of the giraffe are lions, hyenas, and wild dogs. Giraffes must be careful of lions when they are bending down to drink water. That is why usually giraffes will drink in shifts so that at least one giraffe is always on the lookout for approaching predators.
The giraffe is a ruminant and eats mainly the leaves and shoots of trees and shrubs - particularly leaves of the acacia tree - as well as some herbs and fruit.
African Bush Elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Tanzania.
The African Elephant is the largest land animal on earth, reaching about 6 metres (20 ft) in length and 4 metres (13 ft) in height at the head, and weighing between 6,000 to 8,000 kg (13,000 to 18,000 lb). African elephants have larger ears than Asian elephants. Their long trunks are for smelling, touching and grasping.
African elephants eat mainly roots, leaves, fruit, grasses, and bark. One elephant can eat 136 kg (300 pounds) of food in one day. Of all animals, elephants have the longest (22 months) pregnancy. African elephants can live to be about 70 years old.
Unlike their Asian relatives, African elephants are not easily domesticated.