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Myanmar > Pictures and travelogues > Downtown Yangon

Yangon in Myanmar: pictures from the Independence Monument, the City Hall and the Supreme Court of Justice.

The City Hall of  Yangon, Myanmar
The City Hall of  Yangon, Myanmar.

Located at the confluence of the Yangon and Bago rivers, only about 30 km (19 mi) away from the Andaman Sea, Yangon, formerly called Rangoon, is the largest city and the most important commercial center of Myanmar. It became the administrative capital in 1853 during the British rule. It remained the capital of the country when the latter regained independence in 1948. However, as from 2005, the military authorities have moved the capital to Naypyidaw, a town that is located a bit more than 300 km north of Yangon.

The City Hall of  Yangon is located near to the Sule Pagoda and the Maha Bandula Park in the popular center of the town. The building was designed by the Burmese architect U Tin.  Its construction was completed in 1936.

The Supreme Court of Justice of Myanmar in Yangon
The Supreme Court of Justice (former building) of Myanmar in Yangon.

The seat of the  Supreme Court of Justice of Myanmar is located on the edge of the public Maha Bandula Gardens, near the Sule Pagoda and the City Hall. This prestigious building with a clock tower was designed by architect James Ransome. The construction was completed in 1911. Since 2006, the Supreme Court of Justice - like many other official institutions - has been moved to Naypyidaw, the new capital of the country.

At different times in recent decades, among others in 1964, 1988/90 and 2008/09, this district with the Sule Pagoda as a rallying point was the scene of major demonstrations against the authorities.

The Independence Monument in Yangon, Myanmar
The Independence Monument in the Maha Bandula Gardens in Yangon, Myanmar.

The Independence Monument is a 50 m high Obelisk which stands in the Maha Bandula Park in front of the City Hall of Yangon. It commemorates the independence that the country regained in 1948 after one hundred years of British occupation.


See also

Myanmar > Pictures and travelogues > Yangon colonial buildings

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Yangon in Myanmar: pictures from the Independence Monument, the City Hall and the Supreme Court of Justice. Comprehensive travel guide to Myanmar with 200 great pictures.