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Cambodia > Pictures and travelogues > Kingdom of Funan in Cambodia

Ancient Kingdom of Funan in Cambodia: pictures from Phnom Da, Angkor Borei, and the canals.

Phnom Da temple (ancient Kingdom of Funan) in Cambodia
Phnom Da temple (ancient Kingdom of Funan) in Cambodia.

Located near the Mekong Delta, the province of Takeo is believed to be the cradle of the Khmer civilization. In the first centuries AD, the Khmer Kingdom of Funan flourished in this region. The Kingdom of Funan reached its apogee in the 3rd and 4th centuries when it extended from Myanmar to south of the Malaysia. In the 6th century, it was supplanted by the Kingdom of Chenla, its former vassal located in the south of today Cambodia. Chenla passed under the control of the Kingdom of Angkor in the 9th century.

The Kingdom of Funan has developed a large network of canals. The canals make trade easy and supply water to rice fields. In large part, this network is still in function. It has been maintained and extended. In 1979, a canal was built between the city of Takeo and the Angkor Borei district.

The region is also home to some historical sites, including the port of Angkor Borei and Phnom Da, dating back to the Kingdom of Funan.

The Phnom Da temple is located in the village of Prek Ta Phor (Angkor Borei district), 24 km east of the city of Takeo (through canals) or 102 km south of Phnom Penh (by road). It is a Hindu temple that was built atop a hill in the 6th century by King Rutravarman. The temple is 18 m high and 12 m² large.

A smaller temple is situated 300 m from the  Phnom Da temple. It is known as Asrom Moha Eysei. It dates back to the end of the 6th century. It was built during the reign of King Pavavarman I. It has a height of 7 m and an area of 5.5 m².

More recently, in 1992, a pagoda, called pagoda Phnom Da (Buddhist), was built to the south of the Hill. The region is flooded 6 months of the year so that the hill is then an island.


Canals of Angkor Borei (ancient Kingdom of Funan) in Cambodia
The canals of Angkor Borei (ancient Kingdom of Funan) in Cambodia.


Port of Angkor Borei, ancient Kingdom of Funan
Port of Angkor Borei (former Kingdom of Funan) in Cambodia. The port is still in activity, located 10 km from Vietnam.

Angkor Borei is a small "town" in a historical area which includes remnants of the Kingdom of Funan (4th and 5th centuries), Water Chenla (8th century) and the Angkor period. It was probably the capital of the Kingdom of Funan, and in any case, an important trading center at that time.

There is much to explore in this historic region. Many remnants, which had long survived, have been demolished recently for the needs of the modern life. The importance of these remains has been probably underestimated. Some artefacts have been housed in a small museum.
 
Museum of Angkor Borei, Cambodia
Lingam in the Museum of Angkor Borei, Cambodia.


 

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Ancient Kingdom of Funan in Cambodia: pictures from Phnom Da, Angkor Borei, and the canals. Cambodia travel guide with 200 nice pictures.