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Croatia > Pictures and travelogues > Šibenik and Split in Dalmatia

Central Dalmatia in Croatia: pictures from Šibenik and Split.

Šibenik in Central Dalmatia
Šibenik in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.

Šibenik is a historic town located in central Dalmatia in Croatia. It is the administrative, economic, and cultural center of the County of Šibenik and Knin which extends along the 100-km long coastline between the Zadar and Split Rivieras, and up to 45 kilometers into the hinterland area. Šibenik is probably the oldest native Croatian city on the Adriatic.

The main attractions of the city include the Cathedral of St James, the St. Nicholas Fortress, the Krka National Park, and the Kornati archipelago.

The Cathedral of St James has been inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage list since 2000. It is a triple-nave basilica with three apses and a dome. It is entirely built of stone, no other material was used. The Cathedral was constructed over a period of a century. It was completed in 1536.

St. Nicholas Fortress was built at the entrance of Šibenik port in the middle of the 16th century as defense from Turkish attacks. In addition, Šibenik has three fortresses on land. St. Michael’s Fortress was built in the period from the 15th to 17th century at a height of 70m above the sea behind the old city. St. John’s Fortress was erected in 1646 on a 115-m high hill on the northern side of the historic city. The Šubićevac Fortress was built in the same year as St. John’s Fortress, on a somewhat lower height. 

The Šibenik Museum was founded in 1925 in the former Prince's Palace, just near the Cathedral.

The Kornati is a dense island group (140 islands in a sea area of about 320 km²) in the Adriatic, with hidden oases of pines and olive trees as well as quiet and sheltered bays. Kornati National Park is the southwest part of the Kornati. It includes 109 islands.

The 109 km² large Krka National Park lies about 18 kilometers (11 mi) north of Šibenik along the lower course of the Krka River and of the Čikola River. The Park Information Center is situated at Skradin. The park can be toured by boat, by road or on foot. The most frequently visited areas in of Krka National Park are Skradinski buk (travertine waterfalls, islands and lakes) and Roški slap. 

In the park, visits to Visovac Island are possible by way of boat excursion from Skradinski buk, Stinica or Remetić. The Visovac Island is home to the Franciscan Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and the Church of Our Lady of Visovac which date back to 1445.

The Stinice – Roški slap – Oziđana pećina trail is an educational hiking trail. Its total length is 8.5 km. The average walking time is 2.5 to 3 hours. The trail includes Oziđana pećina, which is a cave of exceptional natural and archaeological significance.

Split in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.
Split in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.

Split is a coastal town located at the foot of Marjan Hill in Central Dalmatia. It is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of Dalmatia. It has been inhabited since the antiquity. By road, it can be reached by the Adriatic Coastal Road or by hinterland roads including the A1 highway that connects Zagreb to Split. Split is also the southernmost point of the Croatian Railway network. The Split Airport in Kaštela is the second largest in Croatia. 

The 178-m high Marjan Hill is a major symbol of Split. It is covered by a dense Mediterranean pine forest. It is a favorite weekend excursion destination and a recreational center for the people of the city.

Bačvice is a sandy beach at the heart of the city in the vicinity of the harbor. Firule is another sandy beach in the city.

The ruins of the ancient city of Salona are located just 5 km away from Split. Salona used to be a stronghold and harbor of Illyrian tribes, mainly the Delmati (after which the entire region of Dalmatia was named). It was conquered by the Romans and became the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. In 305 CE, the Roman Emperor Diocletian built an opulent and heavily fortified palace in a bay that is occupied today by the city center of Split. 

Later on, the Palace was abandoned by the Romans. However, when Salona was razed by the invasions of the Avars and Slavs in the early 7th century, refugees from Salona and nearby areas settled inside the remains of Diocletian's Palace. Split was founded in that way. The ruins of Diocletian's Palace can be found throughout the city. The cathedral was built in the Middle Ages, by reusing materials from the ancient mausoleum of the palace.

The remains from the Roman times in Split include several monumental towers and gates (golden gate, silver gate, iron gate, brass gate), the Vestibule (an ancient imperial antechamber), the
Temple of Jupiter, the Peristil, and the cellars of the Diocletian's Palace. 

Split's heritage includes also the St. Francis Monastery, t
he Church Of Holy Trinity, the Church and monastery of St. Ante, the Benedictine Monastery of St. Eufemije, and more.

The Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian has been inscribed in the UNESCO world heritage list since 1979.


 

Links

Croatian Charter Yachts
All charter yachts in Croatia. Sailboat, motorboat and catamaran rentals. More than 3800 charter boats along the Adriatic coast and islands.
Šibenik
This is the official site of the tourist board of Šibenik in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.
Krka National Park
This is the official web site of Krka National Park in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.
Split
Find here the official site of the tourist board of split in Central Dalmatia, Croatia.

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Central Dalmatia in Croatia: pictures from Šibenik and Split. Travel guide to Croatia with many amazing pictures.