Picture of the week (No.28): Beaches in Zanzibar.
Each week (actually currently 1 or 2 times a month), Willgoto selects here a nice picture. The beautiful beaches of Zanzibar and, more particularly, the beach of Kiwenga are the theme of the twenty-eighth picture of this series. Zanzibar is indeed a dream destination for sunny beach holidays, especially when the countries of the northern hemisphere face cold winters or after a long safari in East Africa.
Kiwenga Beach on the east coast of Zanzibar. Kiwenga is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Zanzibar.
The country. Zanzibar, or more exactly Unguja Island, is the largest island of the Zanzibar archipelago. This archipelago also includes the islands of Pemba and Mafia as well as several smaller islands. It is located in the Indian Ocean and is part of Tanzania.
In 1698, the Sultanate of Oman took control of the island and expelled the Portuguese. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Zanzibar was the hub of the slave market in this part of the world, which resulted in a great wealth. At the end of the XVIII century, the island came under English influence and, after a first independence, it became a British protectorate in 1890. At that time, the production of cloves and the ivory trade greatly enriched the island.
A terrible revolution that erupted shortly after the second independence of the island in 1963 caused a severe flight of capital. It considerably damaged the magnificent architectural heritage of the capital of the island, Stone Town. The heavily impoverished island then turned to the aid of communist countries and, a bit later on, merged with the neighboring Tanganyika – a continental country which became independent a few years earlier - to form Tanzania. Today, while remaining a major producer of cloves, Zanzibar benefits mainly from the revenues of the tourism industry.
You may want also to see these beautiful pictures from Zanzibar:
Holidays. Zanzibar has several tourist attractions, including those related to its history. Stone Town, located on the west coast of the island, keeps traces of its prestigious past: the ruins of the Old Fort, the House of Wonders - currently National Museum of Zanzibar -, the Sultan's Palace, the Old Dispensary, and others. The city has been classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
Several sites also preserve the memory of the slave trade that made the island prosperous: the remnants of the slave market and the Slavery Memorial in Stone Town, Changuu Island (which served as a transit zone for slaves) and the remains of the illegal slave trade (which continued several years after its ban), particularly in Mangapwani.
Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park, home to a large population of red colobus, spice production, and some turtle conservation sites (mainly in Nungwi and in Prison Island) are also among the tourist attractions of Zanzibar, which is also famous for its artisanal manufacture of dhows (small traditional Arabian sailboats).
However, the beautiful white sand beaches of the island with a tropical climate are by far the main reason that attracts tourists to Zanzibar. The beaches are often wide, gently sloping and protected by coral reefs. Much of the island (especially almost the whole east coast, the northern tip and several small nearby islands) is indeed surrounded by coral reefs.
On the east coast of Zanzibar, the main seaside resorts are (from north to south): Matemwe, Kiwenga (whose hotel zone extends along the beaches for about ten kilometers), Pongwe, Uroa, then south of Chwaka Bay, Pingwe, Bwejuu, Page and Jambiani. On the northwest coast of the island, Nungwi and Kendwa form another major tourist pole of the island. Other beach resorts are found on the southwest coast, including Kizimkazi Mkunguni, Fumba and Mbweni, and the Chumbe Marine Park.
Recreation on the beach, kitesurfing, snorkeling, boat trips, and scuba diving are the most popular tourist activities apart from visiting the island's natural and cultural attractions.
How to get there: The plane is the most common way to go to Zanzibar. Several airlines, including Qatar Airways, Flydubai and Oman Air, provide regular flights to Zanzibar. But others including Condor, TUI, Smartwings and Air Italia offer seasonal flights from Europe.
The author of the pictures. The above pictures belong to Willgoto. See all our pictures from Zanzibar.
Picture of the week 1: Bee hummingbird, the smallest bird in the world. It is endemic to Cuba.
Picture of the week 2: Pagoda of the Golden Rock in Myanmar. It is one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in the world.
Picture of the week 3: Seychelles beach. Seychelles is a perfect destination for a dream holiday.
Picture of the week 4: Lemur of Madagascar (Coquerel's sifaka), an endangered species of primates, which, like all other species of lemurs, is endemic to Madagascar.
Picture of the week 5: World heritage in Cambodia. The temple of Banteay Srei, better known as 'Citadel of the women', in Cambodia is a jewel of Khmer art and a world heritage site.
Picture of the week 6: Bull shark and tiger shark. Both sharks are unfortunately known for fatal attacks on humans. However, experienced divers can approach them and swim with them.
Picture of the week 7: Firewalking in Mauritius. Walking barefoot over a bed of hot embers is an ancestral religious practice.
And many more pictures of the week including:
Picture of the week 19: The Beaches of Isla Mujeres(Cancun). They are much appreciated by holidaymakers, especially those who come from Europe and the United States in winter.
Picture of the week 20: Tourist attractions of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka offers a wide range of attractions that make it a tourist destination visited by a growing amount of holidaymakers.
Picture of the week 21: Tourist attractions of Thailand The White Temple (Wat Rong Khun) in Chiang Rai, famous for its whiteness as pure as unusual, is one of the many attractions of Thailand.
Picture of the week 22: The Mekong Falls, better known as Khone Falls, located in southern Laos only a few kilometers from Cambodia prevent navigation between the two countries.
Picture of the week 23: Sloths of Tropical America, These mammals are so named because they sleep a long time and they only move slowly.
Picture of the week 24: Tulum, the Pearl of the Mayan Riviera, Tulum is one of the most popular tourist destinations of the Riviera Maya in Mexico.
Picture of the week 25: The tourist attractions of Aachen. The Aachen Cathedral is one of the first sites that have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List
Picture of the week 26: Beaches in Cape Verde. Cape Verde is a popular holiday destination throughout the twelve months of the year.
Picture of the week 27: Outdoor activities in Reunion Island, France. Reunion island is indeed an ideal destination for leisure and outdoor activities.
See all our "Pictures of the week".